Physics and Astronomy

Office: 135 Physics Research Building; 313-577-2721
Chairperson: David Cinabro
Associate Chairperson: Jogindra M. Wadehra
Academic Services Officer: J. Scott Payson
http://www.clas.wayne.edu/physics/

Physics is the science that describes the behavior of the physical world. It is the most basic of all sciences and as such is responsible for the interpretation of fundamental physical processes which support many other scientific disciplines.

The degree programs of this department are designed to provide students with the broad-based knowledge and problem-solving skills that are needed in order to be productive physicists in an academic, government, or industrial environment. The programs can accommodate students with varying undergraduate backgrounds and are designed to provide maximum flexibility for individual students. At the doctoral level, specializations are offered in the areas of: elementary particle physics, nuclear physics, condensed matter physics, atomic physics,materials science, optics, biophysics, and quantum field theory.

Faculty members are committed to excellence in research and teaching, and work in an open and informal atmosphere which allows effective communication between students and advisors. The faculty hold national and international reputations in their areas of specialization. They organize and participate in conferences, publish extensively, and receive numerous outside grants, contracts and fellowships. In addition, they engage in many collaborations with scientists in both foreign and American universities and national laboratories. The department is housed in a modern physics building containing well-equipped research laboratories.

BONVICINI, GIOVANNI: Laurea in Fisica, University of Bologna; Professor

BOWEN, DAVID: Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania; B.A., Haverford College; Associate Professor

CACKETT, EDWARD M: Ph.D., University of St. Andrews; M.S., University of Durham; Associate Professor

CHU, XIANG-QIANG: Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology; M.S., B.S., Peking University; Assistant Professor

CINABRO, DAVID A.: Ph.D., University of Wisconsin-Madison; B.A., University of Chicago; Professor and Chair

GAVIN, SEAN: Ph.D., M.S., University of Illinois; B.S., State University of New York at Stony Brook; Professor

HARR, ROBERT F.: Ph.D., M.S., University of California, Berkeley; B.S., Carnegie-Mellon University; Professor

HOFFMANN, PETER M.: Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University; M.S., Southern Illinois University; B.S., Technische Universitat Clausthal; Professor

HUANG, JIAN: Ph.D., Michigan State University; M.S., University of South Carolina; B.S., Beijing University; Associate Professor

HUANG, ZHIFENG: Ph.D., B.S., Tsinghua University; Associate Professor

KARCHIN, PAUL E.: Ph.D., M.S., B.S., Cornell University; Professor

KELLY, CHRISTOPHER V.: Ph.D., M.S.E., University of Michigan; B.A., Oberlin College; Assistant Professor

KEYES, PAUL H.: Ph.D., University of Maryland; B.S. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute; Professor Emeritus

LLOPE, WILLIAM J.: Ph.D., M.S., State University of New York at Stony Brook; B.A., University of Michigan; Associate Professor

MAJUMDER, ABHIJIT: Ph.D., McGill University; M.Sc., B.Sc., Indian Institute of Technology-Kharagpur; Associate Professor

MORGAN, CAROLINE G.: Ph.D., Princeton University; B.S., Swarthmore College; Professor

MUKHOPADHYAY, ASHIS: Ph.D., Kansas State University; M.Sc., B.Sc., University of Calcutta; Associate Professor

NADGORNY, BORIS E.: Ph.D., State University of New York at Stony Brook; B.S., Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology; Professor

NAIK, RATNA: Ph.D., West Virginia University; M.Sc., B.Sc., Mysore University; Professor

PADMANABHAN, KARUR R.: Ph.D., M.Sc., Poona University; Associate Professor

PAZ, GIL: Ph.D., Cornell University; M.S., B.A., Israel Institute of Technology; Assistant Professor

PETROV, ALEXEY A.: Ph.D., M.S., University of Massachusetts, Amherst; B.S., St. Petersburg Technical University; Professor

PRUNEAU, CLAUDE A.: Ph.D., M.Sc., B.Sc., Universite Laval; Professor

PUTSCHKE, JOERN: Ph.D., Technical University of Munich; Dipl, University of Marburg; Associate Professor

SAKAMOTO, TAKESHI: Ph.D., Kanazawa University; B.S., Nihon University; Associate Professor

SHAH, NAUSHEEN: Ph.D., University of Chicago; B.Sc., George Mason University; Assistant Professor

VOLOSHIN, SERGEI A.: Ph.D., Dipl, Moscow Engineering Physics Institute; Professor

WADEHRA, JOGINDRA M.: Ph.D., New York University; M.S., University of Nebraska; M.Sc., B.Sc., University of Delhi; Professor

ZHOU, ZHIXIAN: Ph.D., Florida State University; B.S., Lanzhou University; Associate Professor

Astronomy

AST 5010 Astrophysics and Stellar Astronomy Cr. 3

Electromagnetic radiation and matter; solar characteristics; stellar distances; magnitudes; spectral classification; celestial mechanics; binary stars; stellar motions, structure and evolution; compact and variable stars; Milky Way Galaxy and interstellar medium; galaxies and clusters of galaxies; quasars; Hubble's Law; cosmology. Offered Biannually (Winter).

Prerequisites: ([PHY 2140 with a minimum grade of C-] OR [PHY 2180 with a minimum grade of C-]) AND ([MAT 2010 with a minimum grade of C-])

Equivalent: PHY 5010

AST 5100 Galaxies and the Universe Cr. 3

Exploration of the world of galaxies, starting with the Milky Way and moving outward to larger scales. Basic properties of galaxies: galaxy classification, structure, evolution, observations of Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN), Quasar, and Seyfert galaxies. Discovery of dark matter and black holes. Cosmology: origins of the universe in a hot big bang; its expansion history including recent evidence that the cosmic expansion is accelerating; the cosmic microwave background, and the ultimate fate of the universe. Capstone course for astronomy majors. Offered Winter.

Physics

PHY 5010 Astrophysics and Stellar Astronomy Cr. 3

Electromagnetic radiation and matter; solar characteristics; stellar distances; magnitudes; spectral classification; celestial mechanics; binary stars; stellar motions, structure and evolution; compact and variable stars; Milky Way Galaxy and interstellar medium; galaxies and clusters of galaxies; quasars; Hubble's Law; cosmology. Offered Biannually (Winter).

Equivalent: AST 5010

PHY 5015 Non-classical Physics for Educators Cr. 3

Development of relativity and quantum mechanics. Emphasis on nuclear physics and elementary particles. Required math: algebra and trigonometry. Offered for undergraduate credit only. Offered Winter.

PHY 5100 Methods of Theoretical Physics I Cr. 3

Introduction to mathematical tools used in advanced courses in physics. Offered Fall.

PHY 5200 Classical Mechanics I Cr. 3

Introduction to fundamental ideas: Newton's laws, notions of momentum, angular momentum, kinetic and potential energy, mechanical energy, conservation laws, motion in 1- and 3-D, friction and retardation forces, oscillations, resonances, and gravitation. Offered Fall.

PHY 5210 Classical Mechanics II Cr. 3

Accelerated reference frames, centrifugal and Coriolis forces, rigid body dynamics, motion of tops and gyroscopes, Lagrange's equations, constraints, Lagrange multipliers, general central force problem, stability of orbits, relativistic mechanics. Offered Winter.

Prerequisite: PHY 5200, with a minimum grade of C- ; MAT 2150, with a minimum grade of C-

PHY 5340 Optics Cr. 3

Electromagnetic radiation; geometrical, physical, and modern optics. Offered Winter.

Prerequisites: ([MAT 2030 with a minimum grade of C- and PHY 2140 with a minimum grade of C-] OR [PHY 2180 with a minimum grade of C- and PHY 3700 with a minimum grade of C-] OR [PHY 2140 with a minimum grade of C- and PHY 3700 with a minimum grade of C-] OR [MAT 2030 with a minimum grade of C- and PHY 2180 with a minimum grade of C-])

PHY 5341 Optics Laboratory Cr. 2

Experiments involving geometrical, physical, and quantum optics. Offered Winter.

PHY 5620 Electronics and Electrical Measurements Cr. 3

Theory of amplifier circuits, operational amplifiers, oscillators, digital electronics, analog and digital measurements. Offered Fall.

Prerequisites: ([PHY 2180 with a minimum grade of C- and PHY 2181 with a minimum grade of C-] OR [PHY 2140 with a minimum grade of C- and PHY 2141 with a minimum grade of C-]) AND ([PHY 5621 with a minimum grade of C-])

Corequisite: PHY 5621

PHY 5621 Electronics and Electrical Measurements Laboratory Cr. 2

Laboratory measurements related to amplifier circuits, operational amplifiers, oscillators, and digital electronics. The lab will also cover analog and digital measurements and will require a final project. Offered Fall.

Corequisite: PHY 5620

PHY 5750 Biological Physics Cr. 4

Introduction to applications of physics to molecular biology. Offered Fall.

PHY 5990 Directed Study Cr. 1-3

Primarily for students who wish to continue in a field beyond material covered in regular courses, or who wish to study material not covered in regular courses, including certain research participation. Offered Every Term.

Repeatable for 6 Credits

PHY 6160 Meteorology: 2ndy Sch Cr. 3-4

Offered Spring/Summer.

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Course Material Fees: $25

PHY 6400 Quantum Physics I Cr. 3

Operators and their eigenfunctions, quantization rules, solution of Schroedinger equation in 1- and 3-D, the hydrogen atom, angular momentum, spin, boson, fermions, Time-independent perturbation theory. Offered Winter.

Prerequisites: ([MAT 2150 with a minimum grade of C-, PHY 3300 with a minimum grade of C-, and PHY 5100 with a minimum grade of C-])

PHY 6410 Quantum Physics II Cr. 3

Applications of quantum mechanics: atoms in electric and magnetic fields, multielectron atoms, molecules, quantum statistics, solids (band structure, magnetic properties), nuclei, fundamental forces and standard model. Offered Fall.

PHY 6450 Introduction to Material and Device Characterizations Cr. 4

Lecture/laboratory; introduction to analytic and measurement techniques for characterizing and evaluating materials, especially for potential applicability in sensor and integrated devices. Techniques include diffraction and microscopy methods, electron spectroscopies, and electrical, optical and magnetic measurements. Offered for graduate credit only. Offered Winter.

Prerequisite: (PHY 7050, (may be taken concurrently), ; ECE 5500, (may be taken concurrently), ; ECE 5550, (may be taken concurrently), )

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

PHY 6500 Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics Cr. 4

Laws of thermodynamics, thermodynamic equilibrium, applications of kinetic theory of gases, basic introduction to classical and quantum statistical description of physical systems with large numbers of particles. Offered Fall.

Prerequisites: ([PHY 3300 with a minimum grade of C- and PHY 5100 with a minimum grade of C-])

PHY 6570 Smart Sensor Technology I: Design Cr. 4

Introduction to various types of sensors and the design of basic analog VLSI circuit building blocks. Offered for graduate credit only. Offered Fall.

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Equivalent: BME 6470, ECE 6570

PHY 6600 Electromagnetic Fields I Cr. 3

Topics include electrostatics, solution of Laplace equation, dielectric media, electric current, magnetic field of steady currents, magnetic properties of matter, electromagnetic induction. Offered Fall.

Prerequisite: PHY 5100, with a minimum grade of C- ; PHY 5200, with a minimum grade of C- ; MAT 2150, with a minimum grade of C-

PHY 6610 Electromagnetic Fields II Cr. 3

Continuation of PHY 6600: Maxwell equations, electromagnetism and relativity, optics, wave guides and transmission lines, radiation of EM waves. Offered Winter.

Prerequisite: PHY 6600, with a minimum grade of C-

PHY 6710 Physics in Medicine Cr. 3

Applications of physics in medicine including radioactivity; interaction of radiation in matter; x-ray, CT, MRI, ultrasound, and PET imaging; nuclear medicine; radiation oncology; nerve electrophysiology, electrocardiogram, pacemakers, and defibrillators. Offered Winter.

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to students with a major in Biomedical Physics.

PHY 6750 Applied Computational Methods Cr. 2

Development of concepts learned in PHY 3750 or PHY 3310 for computer applications in physics research, including applications in theoretical physics, data fitting, image analysis, and integration with experimental equipment. There will be opportunities for independent as well as group projects. Offered Fall.

Prerequisite: PHY 3750, with a minimum grade of C- ; PHY 3310, with a minimum grade of C-

PHY 6780 (WI) Research Methods in Biomedical Physics Cr. 3

Introduction to laboratory experience in biomedical physics research. Capstone course for biomedical physics majors. Offered Winter.

Prerequisites: ([PHY 3700 with a minimum grade of C- and PHY 4700 with a minimum grade of C-])

PHY 6850 (WI) Modern Physics Laboratory Cr. 2

Techniques and experiments in physics of atoms, atomic nuclei, molecules, the solid state and other areas that have advanced our modern understanding of physics. Offered Winter.

Prerequisites: ([PHY 3300 with a minimum grade of C-])

Course Material Fees: $25

PHY 6860 Computational Physics Cr. 3

Introduction to use of computers to model physical systems; description of techniques in numerical analysis including linear algebra, integration, algebraic and differential equations, data analysis and symbolic algebra. Offered Fall.

Prerequisites: ([PHY 3310 with a minimum grade of C-] OR [PHY 5100 with a minimum grade of C-])

PHY 6991 Special Topics Cr. 1-4

Topics and prerequisites for each section to be announced in Schedule of Classes . More than one section may be elected in a semester. Offered for graduate credit only. Offered Yearly.

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Repeatable for 4 Credits

PHY 6992 Physics Graduate Teaching Assistant Training Cr. 1

Students solve and discuss problems from calculus-based general physics courses in front of their peers and instructor, enhancing their ability to analyze, interpret and present the material in a clear, informative way. Offered for graduate credit only. Offered Fall.

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

PHY 7010 Modern Physics for Secondary School Educators Cr. 3

Development of relativity and quantum mechanics. Emphasis on nuclear physics and elementary particles. Required math: algebra and trigonometry. Offered Fall, Spring/Summer.

Prerequisite: PHY 2130, with a minimum grade of C- ; PHY 2140, with a minimum grade of C-

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

PHY 7050 Survey of Condensed Matter Physics Cr. 3

Contemporary solid state physics dealing primarily with experiments in this area and with modern descriptive models of solids. Offered Winter.

Prerequisite: PHY 6400, with a minimum grade of C

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

PHY 7060 Survey of Elementary Particle Physics Cr. 3

Fundamental interactions and the basic particles; introduction to quantum mechanical treatment of decay, scattering, spin, internal symmetries; introduction to quantum field theory; gauge theories; the standard model and proposed modifications; experimental evidence; survey of experimental methods, detector, accelerators and colliders. Offered Winter.

Prerequisite: PHY 6400, with a minimum grade of C

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

PHY 7070 Survey of Nuclear Physics Cr. 3

Survey of nuclear decay, nuclear structures, nuclear interactions and reactions, nuclear models, conservative laws and subnuclear particles. Offered Winter.

Prerequisite: PHY 6400, with a minimum grade of C

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

PHY 7110 Methods of Theoretical Physics II Cr. 3

Complex variables and their applications. Homogeneous and inhomogeneous differential equations. Special functions such as gamma functions, Bessel functions, Legendre functions, Hermite functions and Laguerre functions. Fourier series. Offered Fall.

Prerequisite: PHY 5100, with a minimum grade of C

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

PHY 7200 Advanced Mechanics Cr. 3-4

Variational principles, central forces, transformation theory, Hamilton-Jacobi theory. Offered Winter.

Prerequisite: PHY 5210, with a minimum grade of C

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

PHY 7215 Nanobioscience Cr. 3

Introduction to interdisciplinary research field of nanobioscience, at the interphase of biology, chemistry, and physics; specific properties of nanoscale objects. Offered Fall.

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Equivalent: PSL 7215

PHY 7400 Quantum Mechanics I Cr. 3

Physical and mathematical principles of quantum mechanics. Schrodinger equation and its applications. Spin and angular momentum in quantum mechanics. The WKB approximation. Perturbation theory for time-independent and time-dependent cases. Offered Fall.

Prerequisite: PHY 6410, with a minimum grade of C ; PHY 7110, (may be taken concurrently), with a minimum grade of C

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

PHY 7410 Quantum Mechanics II Cr. 3

Scattering theory. Partial wave expansion and perturbation theory. Bound states. Symmetry principles and conservation laws. The path integral formalism. Entanglement. Quantum computation. Charged particles in electromagnetic fields. Quantum theory of radiation. Relativistic one-particle equations Offered Winter.

Prerequisite: PHY 7400, with a minimum grade of C

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

PHY 7500 Statistical Mechanics Cr. 4

Classical and quantum statistical mechanics and applications. Offered Fall.

Prerequisite: PHY 6500, with a minimum grade of C ; PHY 7400, with a minimum grade of C

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

PHY 7550 Advanced Condensed Matter Physics: Solid State Cr. 3

Current topics in condensed matter physics, including electronic band structure, magnetism, superconductivity, nanophysics, and the optical properties of solids. Offered Biannually (Fall).

Prerequisite: PHY 7050, with a minimum grade of C ; PHY 7110, with a minimum grade of C ; PHY 7400, with a minimum grade of C

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

PHY 7560 Advanced Condensed Matter Physics: Soft Matter Cr. 3

Current topics in condensed matter physics, including the building blocks, structures, physical properties, and phase transitions in a variety of complex fluid systems such as simple liquids and liquid mixtures, colloids, polymers, liquid crystals, amphiphiles, and soft matter in living organisms. Offered Biannually (Winter).

Prerequisite: PHY 7050, with a minimum grade of C ; PHY 7110, with a minimum grade of C ; PHY 7400, with a minimum grade of C

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

PHY 7580 Smart Sensor Technology II: Characterization and Fabrication Cr. 4

Integration of ongoing research in integrated technology of smart sensors. Design of smart sensor devices using computer simulation. Fabrication of smart sensor. Offered Winter.

Prerequisite: PHY 6570, with a minimum grade of C ; ECE 6570, with a minimum grade of C

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Equivalent: BME 7470, ECE 7570

PHY 7600 Electromagnetic Theory I Cr. 3

Microscopic and macroscopic Maxwell's equations, special relativity, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulation of EM theory, energy-momentum tensor, conservation laws, radiation, scattering, applications. Offered Winter.

Prerequisite: PHY 6610, with a minimum grade of C

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

PHY 7610 Electromagnetic Theory II Cr. 3

Continuation of PHY 7600. Offered Fall.

Prerequisite: PHY 7600, with a minimum grade of C

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

PHY 7990 Directed Study Cr. 1-3

Application forms available in department office. Primarily for graduate students in physics who wish to study material not covered in regular courses. Offered Every Term.

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Repeatable for 6 Credits

PHY 7996 Research in Physics Cr. 1-4

Offered Every Term.

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Repeatable for 12 Credits

PHY 7999 Master's Essay Direction Cr. 1-3

Offered Every Term.

Restriction(s): Enrollment limited to students with a class of Candidate Masters, enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

PHY 8800 Advanced Nuclear Physics Cr. 3

Research topics in nuclear physics such as: relativistic heavy ion physics, nuclear/nucleon models, and many body theory. Covers both theory and experimental methods. Offered Biannually (Winter).

Prerequisite: PHY 7070, with a minimum grade of C ; PHY 7110, with a minimum grade of C ; PHY 7410, with a minimum grade of C

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

PHY 8810 Advanced Particle Physics Cr. 3

Advanced elementary particle physics including weak, electromagnetic, and strong interactions. Rudiments of experimental devices and techniques at level appropriate to both experimentally- and theoretically-oriented students. Offered Biannually (Fall).

Prerequisite: PHY 7060, with a minimum grade of C ; PHY 7110, with a minimum grade of C ; PHY 7410, with a minimum grade of C

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

PHY 8850 Quantum Theory of Fields I Cr. 3

Introduction to quantum field theory, classical and path integral quantization of scalar, spinor, and vector fields, gauge theories, interactions and Feynman rules, modal field theories, Hubbard model, introduction to renormalization Suitable for both students of theory and experiment in the fields of nuclear, particle, and condensed matter physics and astrophysics. Offered Biannually (Fall).

Prerequisite: PHY 7110, with a minimum grade of C ; PHY 7410, with a minimum grade of C

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

PHY 8860 Quantum Theory of Fields II Cr. 3

Symmetry and symmetry breaking. Goldstone theorem and Higgs effect, renormalization group, collective phenomena, superfluids and superconductivity, the Standard Model of electroweak interactions, effective field theories. Appropriate for students in fields of nuclear, particle, condensed matter physics and astrophysics. Offered Biannually (Winter).

Prerequisite: PHY 8850, with a minimum grade of C

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

PHY 8991 Special Topics Cr. 1-3

Topics and prerequisites for each section to be announced in Schedule of Classes . More than one topic may be elected in a semester. Offered Fall, Winter.

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Repeatable for 12 Credits

PHY 8995 Colloquium Cr. 1

Must be elected every semester by all graduate physics students. Lectures given by external visitors and graduate faculty. Offered Fall, Winter.

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

PHY 8999 Master's Thesis Research and Direction Cr. 1-8

Offered Every Term.

Restriction(s): Enrollment limited to students with a class of Candidate Masters, enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

PHY 9990 Pre-Doctoral Candidacy Research Cr. 1-8

Research in preparation for doctoral dissertation. Offered Every Term.

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Repeatable for 12 Credits

PHY 9991 Doctoral Candidate Status I: Dissertation Research and Direction Cr. 7.5

Offered Every Term.

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

PHY 9992 Doctoral Candidate Status II: Dissertation Research and Direction Cr. 7.5

Offered Every Term.

Prerequisite: PHY 9991, with a minimum grade of S

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

PHY 9993 Doctoral Candidate Status III: Dissertation Research and Direction Cr. 7.5

Offered Every Term.

Prerequisite: PHY 9992, with a minimum grade of S

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

PHY 9994 Doctoral Candidate Status IV: Dissertation Research and Direction Cr. 7.5

Offered Every Term.

Prerequisite: PHY 9993, with a minimum grade of S

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

PHY 9995 Candidate Maintenance Status: Doctoral Dissertation Research and Direction Cr. 0

Offered Every Term.

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Repeatable for 0 Credits