Physical Therapy (D.P.T.)

Office: 2248 CPHS; 313-577-1432
Program Director: Kristina Reid
Director of Clinical Education: Martha Schiller
http://www.pt.cphs.wayne.edu/

Physical therapy is a dynamic health profession that develops, coordinates, and utilizes selected knowledge, skills, and techniques in planning, organizing, and directing programs for the care of individuals whose ability to function is impaired or threatened by disease or injury. This therapy includes examination, evaluation, diagnosis, prognosis, intervention, and analysis of outcomes. It provides services to patients/clients who have impairments of body function and structure, activity limitations, participation restrictions, disabilities, or changes in physical function and health status resulting from injury, disease, or other causes. Physical therapists also must be able to collaborate with a variety of professionals, address risk factors to health, be leaders and providers in the areas of prevention and promoting health, wellness and fitness, serve as educators, consultants, administrators and advocates, utilize critical inquiry skills and direct and supervise the provision of therapy services.

Some examples of diagnoses of individuals who might be seen by a physical therapist include stroke, low back pain, neck pain, ACL knee injury, Parkinson's Disease, spinal cord  injury, amputation, heart attack, athletic injury, arthritis, cerebral palsy, rotator cuff (shoulder) injury, total or partial joint replacement, spina bifida, general health and personal training, congestive heart failure, emphysema, cancer, head injury, multiple sclerosis, learning disabilities, speed and agility training, and many more.

The American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) is the organization which represents the physical therapy profession. The mission of the APTA is to further the profession's role in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of movement dysfunctions and the enhancement of the physical health and functional abilities of members of the public. Students interested in the physical therapy profession should also visit the APTA website.

Accreditation: The Physical Therapy Program at Wayne State University is accredited by the Commission on Accreditation in Physical Therapy Education (CAPTE). Graduates who receive a Doctor of Physical Therapy degree are eligible to take the national physical therapy licensure examination, the Canadian licensure examination, and for active membership in the American Physical Therapy Association.

General Admission

Admission to this program is contingent upon admission to the Graduate School and completion of the pre-professional course component.

The Doctor of Physical Therapy (D.P.T.) is offered by this department at two levels of admission: entry level D.P.T. and transitional D.P.T. The entry level degree program is for individuals who are not now practicing physical therapists but are interested in becoming physical therapists. The transitional Doctor of Physical Therapy program is for individuals who are already licensed as a physical therapist in the United States or Canada and who wish to expand their knowledge and skills to be better prepared to work as a primary care provider and expert practitioner. These programs lead to the same degree but require different admissions criteria and the completion of different sets of core courses.

Entry-Level Program

Admission - Entry Level: A baccalaureate degree is not required for admission to the Doctor of Physical Therapy program. The requirements for consideration for admission vary, depending on whether the applicant will have an earned baccalaureate degree prior to enrollment but all applicants must meet requirements for admission to the Graduate School. Starting in 2015, the Graduate Record Examination will be required.

Applicants who will not have a baccalaureate degree upon enrollment in the physical therapy program must successfully complete

  1. a minimum of ninety credits,
  2. all University General Education Requirements,
  3. all physical therapy science prerequisite courses,
  4. all physical therapy non-science prerequisite courses, and
  5. an upper-level concentration to be considered for admission.

Applicants who will have completed a baccalaureate degree prior to enrollment in the physical therapy program must complete all physical therapy science prerequisite courses and all physical therapy non-science prerequisite courses. Additional information on program-specific prerequisites can be found in the Physical Therapy section of the Undergraduate Bulletin. 

Admission to the entry-level Doctor of Physical Therapy (D.P.T.) professional program occurs on an annual basis with Physical Therapy courses beginning in the Fall Term. There are a limited number of spaces in the Physical Therapy program and admission is competitive. Completion of the admission requirements does not guarantee admission.

Transitional Program

An admissions moratorium has been approved this program, effective Winter 2019.

Admission to the transitional program requires that the applicant be a physical therapist who has graduated from an accredited Baccalaureate or Master's Physical Therapy Program and is currently licensed in the United States or Canada. Letters of recommendation and a personal statement are also required.

Degree Requirements - Entry-Level Program

The Doctor of Physical Therapy degree requires a minimum of 124 credits, including all courses in the core curriculum listed below.

Consistent with Graduate School policy, the grading system for graduate students is 'intended to reflect a higher standard of critical and creative scholarship than those applied at the undergraduate level.' Continuing students are required to earn a minimum of a 3.00 g.p.a. to satisfy degree requirements. A graduate student who receives a 'C' grade in any course is expected to complete remedial work to demonstrate competency in the course requirements that may include repetition of the course the next time it is offered. Receiving more than two 'C' grades, or five grades below a B (3.0), in the curriculum is considered unsatisfactory progress and achievement, and will result in dismissal from the professional program. Students may also be dismissed from the program for unsatisfactory clinical performance or for unsatisfactory professional behavior.

All course work must be completed in accordance with the academic procedures of the Graduate School governing graduate scholarship and degrees and the College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences. In addition, the criteria for academic performance given in the Physical Therapy Student Handbook should be followed. The Physical Therapy Student Handbook, provided by this program, also contains policy statements that may pertain to admission, candidacy, and degree requirements which students should consult.

The core curriculum is subject to change without prior notice in response to the changing health care environment and accreditation standards.

Core Curriculum (Entry-Level Program)

PT 5010Clinical Applications I1
PT 5020Foundations of Physical Therapy2
PT 5030Basic Patient Care in Physical Therapy2
PT 5070Clinical Applications II2
PT 5100Therapeutic Exercise I3
PT 5120Human Growth and Development2
PT 5300Surface Anatomy2
PT 5320Basic Examination and Evaluation Procedures3
PT 5400Neurosciences for Health Care Professionals3
PT 5410Clinical Medicine I3
PT 5430Clinical Medicine II1
PT 5500Kinesiology and Biomechanics3
PT 5505Clinical Applications of Human Anatomy3
PT 5510Clinical Applications of Human Anatomy: Laboratory1
PT 5650Pathophysiology for Health Sciences3
PT 5660Pathokinesiology3
PT 5800Clinical Education I3
PT 5820Clinical Education II3
PT 6100Therapeutic Exercise II3
PT 6200Diversity, Ethics and Legal Issues in Health Care3
PT 6300Research I: Critical Thinking2
PT 6310Advanced Exercise Physiology3
PT 6400Teaching and Learning in Health Care2
PT 6500Pharmacology2
PT 6700Motor Learning and Motor Control2
PT 6750Seminar: Complementary and Alternative Health Care2
PT 7000Therapeutic Modalities3
PT 7100Management of Patients with Orthopedic Conditions I3
PT 7120Management of Patients with Orthopedic Conditions II3
PT 7200Management of Patients with Neurological Disorders I3
PT 7220Management of Patients with Neurological Disorders II3
PT 7300Orthotics and Prosthetics3
PT 7320Rehabilitation Procedures3
PT 7400Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation4
PT 7600Physical Therapy for Medical and Surgical Conditions3
PT 7700Research II: Design & Methodology2
PT 7720Research III: Data Analysis and Interpretation2
PT 7740Research IV: Research Practicum1
PT 8000Therapeutic Management of Pediatric Populations3
PT 8110Geriatrics2
PT 8200Management in Physical Therapy Practice2
PT 8300Differential Diagnosis for Health Sciences3
PT 8400Diagnostic Procedures for Health Sciences2
PT 8500Clinical Decision Making3
PT 8600Health Promotion and Wellness2
PT 8800Clinical Education III4
PT 8820Clinical Education IV8
Total Credits124

Degree Requirements - Transitional Program

An admissions moratorium has been approved this program, effective Winter 2019.

Students in this program are required to complete eight core courses if the student already possesses a Master of Physical Therapy degree. For individuals not possessing a Master of Physical Therapy degree, the applicant’s educational and professional qualifications will be reviewed and an individual plan of work will be designed to provide sufficient preparation for the transitional D.P.T. curriculum.

The Physical Therapy Student Handbook, provided by this department, also contains policy statements that may pertain to admission, candidacy, and degree requirements. Students pursuing the D.P.T. should consult this handbook for the current statements on these policies.

The core curriculum is subject to change without prior notice in response to the changing health care and educations environment.

Core Curriculum (Transitional Program)

PT 6300Research I: Critical Thinking2
PT 6400Teaching and Learning in Health Care3
PT 6700Motor Learning and Motor Control3
PT 7990Directed Study3
PT 8170Professional Development and Reflective Practice3
PT 8300Differential Diagnosis for Health Sciences3
PT 8400Diagnostic Procedures for Health Sciences3
PT 8850Clinical Practicum3
Total Credits23

Health and Liability Insurance

Clinical Education is provided throughout the professional program along with didactic courses. The final twenty-eight weeks of the program are  spent in  two assignments in  selected clinical facilities throughout the metropolitan Detroit area, Michigan and other parts of the country. Patient care involves inherent risk of exposure to potential diseases, particularly blood borne pathogens, and the risk of possible mishaps in patient care. Therefore, all students are required to maintain health insurance coverage and this must be in effect prior to and during the professional program. Liability insurance is rolled into course fees associated with clinical education.The student is responsible for the cost of health insurance and all other costs (such as travel, meals, living expenses) associated with the clinical education portion of the program.

PT 5010 Clinical Applications I Cr. 1

First part-time integrated clinical experience for physical therapy students. Orientation to clinical education and PT practice to develop professional behaviors, observation skills, fundamentals of written and verbal communication and basic examination and intervention skills in a clinical setting. Offered Winter.

Course Material Fees: $50

PT 5020 Foundations of Physical Therapy Cr. 2

Satisfies General Education Requirement: Writing Intensive Competency

Sociological and historical background of the PT profession. Professional behavior, patient care interaction and medical terminology. Basic physical therapy care procedures, documentation, patient education, care in medical emergencies. Offered Fall.

Restriction(s): Enrollment limited to students in the Pharmacy and Health Sciences.

Course Material Fees: $55

PT 5030 Basic Patient Care in Physical Therapy Cr. 2

Introduction to the basic skills necessary for patient care and provide a foundation to the theory and practice of basic patient care procedures for the Physical Therapist. Offered Fall.

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students; enrollment limited to students in the Pharmacy and Health Sciences; enrollment limited to students in a Doctor of Physical Therapy degree.

PT 5070 Clinical Applications II Cr. 2

Second part-time integrated clinical experience for physical therapy students. This clinical education course includes and orientation to basic and intermediate examination and intervention skills, professional behavior, communication, documentation, inter-professional collaboration and team work. Offered Fall.

Prerequisite: PT 5010 (may be taken concurrently)

PT 5100 Therapeutic Exercise I Cr. 3

Foundational course designed to focus on the principles and techniques of therapeutic exercise for patients with pathological conditions to the neuromusculoskeletal system. Students will develop and administer treatment plans for specific patient problems and progress treatment plans based on patient condition and response to treatment. Offered Fall.

Prerequisite: PT 5430 and PT 5500

Restriction(s): Enrollment limited to students in the Pharmacy and Health Sciences.

Course Material Fees: $50

PT 5120 Human Growth and Development Cr. 2

Theories and basic principles in prenatal, physical, sensorimotor, perceptual, cognitive, social, emotional and language growth and development. Implications for physical therapy evaluation and treatment of children with developmental disabilities. Offered Spring/Summer.

Restriction(s): Enrollment limited to students in the Pharmacy and Health Sciences.

Course Material Fees: $10

PT 5300 Surface Anatomy Cr. 2

Laboratory-based course teaching skills for soft tissue palpation, identification of surface anatomy landmarks, soft tissue mobilization and massage. Offered Fall.

Restriction(s): Enrollment limited to students in the Pharmacy and Health Sciences.

PT 5320 Basic Examination and Evaluation Procedures Cr. 3

Lecture and laboratory experience focusing on principles and procedures of foundational medical screening, physical therapy differentiation, and clinical reasoning and decision-making skills; basic principles and techniques for posture, integumentary, neurological, range of motion, and strength examination and evaluation, documenting progress and outcome, and the continued development of patient care skills. Offered Winter.

Prerequisite: PT 5030 and PT 5300 and PT 5505

Restriction(s): Enrollment limited to students in the Pharmacy and Health Sciences.

Course Material Fees: $10

PT 5400 Neurosciences for Health Care Professionals Cr. 3

Study of the human central nervous system; emphasis on sensory and motor systems and structures that contribute to normal movement. Offered Fall.

Restriction(s): Enrollment limited to students in the Pharmacy and Health Sciences.

Course Material Fees: $50

Equivalent: OT 5400

PT 5410 Clinical Medicine I Cr. 3

Designed to provide specific information needed by the physical therapist treating patients with a variety of diseases. Pathology, etiology, clinical signs and symptoms, prognosis, and treatment of a variety of illnesses and conditions relevant to physical therapy treatment are covered. The role of other health care specialists including physician, occupational therapist, speech pathologist, nurses and psychologists is explored. Offered Winter.

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to students with a major in Physical Therapy.

PT 5430 Clinical Medicine II Cr. 1

Disease processes, and medical and surgical interventions. Role of physical therapy as part of comprehensive multi-disciplinary health care team. Offered Spring/Summer.

Prerequisite: PT 5410

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to students with a major in Physical Therapy.

PT 5500 Kinesiology and Biomechanics Cr. 3

Normal movement and biomechanics applied to the human body. Offered Winter.

Prerequisite: PT 5505 and PT 5510 and PT 5400

Restriction(s): Enrollment limited to students in the Pharmacy and Health Sciences.

Course Material Fees: $10

PT 5505 Clinical Applications of Human Anatomy Cr. 3

Knowledge of basic human anatomy for students in health science professional programs; foundation for further study in clinical sciences. Offered Fall.

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to students with a major, minor, or concentration in Occupational Therapy or Physical Therapy.

Equivalent: OT 5505

PT 5510 Clinical Applications of Human Anatomy: Laboratory Cr. 1

Examination of prosections, dissection of human cadavers; didactic study. Offered Fall.

Restriction(s): Enrollment limited to students in the Pharmacy and Health Sciences.

Course Material Fees: $220

Equivalent: OT 5510

PT 5650 Pathophysiology for Health Sciences Cr. 3

Fundamental knowledge of the nature of disease for the health sciences student; physiologic and morphologic changes accompanying disease processes; mechanisms of repair and recovery. Offered Winter.

Restriction(s): Enrollment limited to students in the Pharmacy and Health Sciences.

Equivalent: OT 5650, RT 5650

PT 5660 Pathokinesiology Cr. 3

Continuation of P T 5500 designed to teach the biomechanical and kinesiological principles of human movement as related to anatomical and neuroanatomical structure. Analysis of pathological motion and pathokinesiology of selected joints will be included. Offered Spring/Summer.

Prerequisite: PT 5500

Restriction(s): Enrollment limited to students in the Pharmacy and Health Sciences.

Course Material Fees: $10

PT 5800 Clinical Education I Cr. 3

First of a four-course clinical education series. Six weeks of full-time supervised clinical experience for physical therapy students. Offered Yearly.

Prerequisite: PT 7120 with a minimum grade of C or PT 7220 with a minimum grade of C

Course Material Fees: $20

PT 5820 Clinical Education II Cr. 3

Second of a four-course clinical education series. Six-week of full-time supervised clinical experience for physical therapy students. Offered Spring/Summer.

Prerequisite: PT 7120 with a minimum grade of C or PT 7220 with a minimum grade of C

Restriction(s): Enrollment limited to students in the Doctor of Physical Therapy program.

Course Material Fees: $30

PT 6100 Therapeutic Exercise II Cr. 3

Advanced application of principles and techniques of therapeutic exercise; evaluation and modification of therapeutic exercise plan of care, based on physical and functional responses and characteristics of patients or clients. Offered Fall.

Prerequisite: PT 5100

Restriction(s): Enrollment limited to students in the Pharmacy and Health Sciences.

Course Material Fees: $60

PT 6200 Diversity, Ethics and Legal Issues in Health Care Cr. 3

Impact of diversity and legal practice standards, including federal, state, and institutional regulations related to patient care and fiscal management of health care practice. Issues in cultural awareness, cultural sensitivity, cultural competence, ethics, and ethical decision making in personal, professional, and societal contexts. Self-analysis of personal attitudes, values, and beliefs. Offered Winter.

Prerequisite: PT 5020

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to students with a major in Physical Therapy.

PT 6300 Research I: Critical Thinking Cr. 2

Introduction to evidence-based practice and clinical reasoning and decision making. Identification, location, critique and analysis of evidence. Offered Fall, Winter.

PT 6310 Physiology of Exercise II Cr. 3

Metabolic, neuromuscular, cardiovascular, and respiratory adjustments to acute and chronic exercise in health and disease, including body composition and weight control, nutritional considerations, and the effects of different environments on exercise performance. Offered Fall.

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to students with a major in Physical Therapy.

Equivalent: KIN 6310, PSL 6010

PT 6400 Teaching and Learning in Health Care Cr. 2-3

Exploration of theoretical and practical issues pertinent to physical therapy profession: educational methods, adult learning theories, instructional design methodologies, evaluation, instructional management. Additional project required if elected for three credits. Offered Winter.

Restriction(s): Enrollment limited to students in the Pharmacy and Health Sciences.

PT 6500 Pharmacology Cr. 2

Effects of drug distribution, absorption and excretion as pertaining to physical therapy. Major drug categories, OTC, and nutritional supplements, pertinent to acute and chronic responses to physical therapy; indications, mechanisms, effects. Offered Fall.

Prerequisite: PT 5430 and PT 5650

Restriction(s): Enrollment limited to students in the Pharmacy and Health Sciences.

PT 6700 Motor Learning and Motor Control Cr. 2-3

Current theories and concepts in processes of motor skill acquisition and performance, from a behavioral objective. Additional evidence-based case reports required if elected for three credits. Offered Winter.

Prerequisite: PT 5400 with a minimum grade of C-

Restriction(s): Enrollment limited to students in the Pharmacy and Health Sciences.

PT 6750 Seminar: Complementary and Alternative Health Care Cr. 2

Physical, psychological, and nutritional approaches relevant to practice of physical therapy. Seminar course. Offered Winter.

Prerequisite: PT 5430 and PT 6300

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to students with a major in Physical Therapy.

PT 7000 Therapeutic Modalities Cr. 3

Lecture and laboratory experiences focusing on principles and procedures for using physical agents and spinal traction. Tissue inflammation and repair, pain, superficial and deep heat, cryotherapy, electrotherapy, and spinal traction included. Integumentary evaluation and wound management. Offered Fall.

Prerequisite: PT 5430 and PT 5660

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students; enrollment limited to students in the Pharmacy and Health Sciences.

Course Material Fees: $20

PT 7100 Management of Patients with Orthopedic Conditions I Cr. 3

Lecture and laboratory experience focusing on knowledge, principles, clinical reasoning and decision making skills, examination and evaluation procedures, and interventions required for managing patients with impairments, functional limitations, and disabilities due to musculoskeletal pathologies of the extremity joints across the life span, and the continued development of patient care skills. Offered Fall.

Prerequisite: PT 5300 with a minimum grade of C and PT 5320 with a minimum grade of C and PT 5500 with a minimum grade of C

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students; enrollment is limited to students with a major in Physical Therapy.

Course Material Fees: $15

PT 7120 Management of Patients with Orthopedic Conditions II Cr. 3

Lecture and laboratory experience focusing on knowledge, principles, clinical reasoning and decision making skills, examination and evaluation procedures, and interventions required for managing patients with impairments, functional limitations, and disabilities due to musculoskeletal pathologies of the spinal column and extremity joints across the life span, and the continued development of patient care skills. Offered Winter.

Prerequisite: PT 7100

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students; enrollment limited to students in the Pharmacy and Health Sciences.

Course Material Fees: $15

PT 7200 Management of Patients with Neurological Disorders I Cr. 3

Basic principles and techniques of assessing problems associated with neurological disorders including postural tone, sensation, superficial and developmental reflexes, quality of movement, perceptual-motor skills and functional mobility. Offered Yearly.

Prerequisite: PT 5400 and PT 6700

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Course Material Fees: $15

PT 7220 Management of Patients with Neurological Disorders II Cr. 3

Theory, principles and application of the neurophysiological approach to evaluation and treatment. Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation, neuro development treatment, sensory integration, and sensory-motor approaches. Offered Winter.

Prerequisite: PT 7200

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students; enrollment limited to students in the Pharmacy and Health Sciences.

Course Material Fees: $15

PT 7300 Orthotics and Prosthetics Cr. 3

Principles and techniques of prosthetic and orthotic function, component selection and application, use and training. Upper and lower extremity devices, and spinal devices, wheelchairs, ambulatory aids, assistive devices and environmental control systems. Advanced gait and movement biomechanics and evaluation. Offered Fall.

Prerequisite: PT 5500 and PT 5660 and PT 7200

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students; enrollment is limited to students with a major in Physical Therapy.

Course Material Fees: $20

PT 7320 Rehabilitation Procedures Cr. 3

Theoretical issues and treatment of patients with spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury, problems of aging, and chronic neuromuscular conditions. Offered Fall.

Prerequisite: PT 7200 and PT 7220

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students; enrollment is limited to students with a major in Physical Therapy.

PT 7400 Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation Cr. 4

Physiology and pathophysiology of disorders of the cardiac and pulmonary systems. Evaluation and treatment of cardiopulmonary disorders. Offered Winter.

Prerequisite: PT 5100 and PT 5430 and PT 6310

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students; enrollment limited to students in the Pharmacy and Health Sciences.

Course Material Fees: $20

PT 7600 Physical Therapy for Medical and Surgical Conditions Cr. 3

Management of patients with complex problems including medical and surgical conditions seen in acute care hospital settings. Offered Winter.

Prerequisite: PT 5650 and PT 5430

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students; enrollment limited to students in the Pharmacy and Health Sciences.

Course Material Fees: $25

PT 7700 Research II: Design & Methodology Cr. 2

Introduction to basic principles of research theory, design, and methodology for physical therapy. Biostatistics and analysis of scientific literature relevant to physical therapy. Offered Fall.

Prerequisite: PT 6300

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students; enrollment limited to students in the Pharmacy and Health Sciences.

PT 7720 Research III: Data Analysis and Interpretation Cr. 2

Basic principles of research design as it relates to the theory and practice of physical therapy Students will analyze relevant scientific literature, design, develop and implement a research project, and learn basic computer skills in utilizing a statistical analysis program. Offered Fall.

Prerequisite: PT 7700 with a minimum grade of C

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students; enrollment is limited to students with a major in Physical Therapy.

Course Material Fees: $20

PT 7740 Research IV: Research Practicum Cr. 1

Basic principles of research design as it relates to the theory and practice of physical therapy. Students will develop and implement a research project and present the results in several formats. Offered Fall.

Prerequisites: PT 6300 and PT 7700 and PT 7720

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

PT 7990 Directed Study Cr. 1-4

Independent study: critical analysis or review of new or unique topics in health care; or physical therapy role, approach, methodology, techniques or scientific rational for professional practice. Oral and written presentation required. Elective. Offered Yearly.

Prerequisite: PT 5100

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students; enrollment limited to students in the Pharmacy and Health Sciences.

PT 8000 Therapeutic Management of Pediatric Populations Cr. 3

Principles and application of the elements of physical therapy practice in the management of pediatric populations. Offered Fall.

Prerequisite: PT 5120 with a minimum grade of C and PT 6700 with a minimum grade of C and PT 7220 with a minimum grade of C

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students; enrollment is limited to students with a major in Physical Therapy.

Course Material Fees: $15

PT 8110 Geriatrics Cr. 2

Theories and basic principles of physical, sensorimotor, perceptual, cognitive, social, emotional, and language changes during the aging process. Emphasis is placed on the how the aging process impacts functional independence and contributions from all body systems. Implications for physical therapy evaluation and treatment for the aging population are examined. Offered Winter.

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students; enrollment is limited to students with a major in Physical Therapy.

PT 8170 Professional Development and Reflective Practice Cr. 3

Exploration of novice vs. expert practice in physical therapy; role of reflection in developing professional skills and behaviors. Current professional and legal issues in provision of physical therapy services. Web-based course. Offered Every Term.

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students; enrollment limited to students in the Pharmacy and Health Sciences; enrollment limited to students in the Doctor of Physical Therapy program.

PT 8200 Management in Physical Therapy Practice Cr. 2

Overview of health care systems; financing and administration of physical therapy services within various health care systems. Offered Fall.

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students; enrollment limited to students in the Pharmacy and Health Sciences; enrollment limited to students in the Doctor of Physical Therapy program.

PT 8300 Differential Diagnosis for Health Sciences Cr. 3

Principles and procedures designed to facilitate the integration of previously-introduced examination and evaluation skills, in order to perform differential diagnosis for primary care practice. Offered Every Term.

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students; enrollment limited to students in the Pharmacy and Health Sciences; enrollment limited to students in the Doctor of Physical Therapy program.

PT 8400 Diagnostic Procedures for Health Sciences Cr. 2-3

Medical diagnostic procedures and application of results as related to provision of physical therapy health services, including diagnostic imaging and laboratory tests. Additional project required if elected for three credits. Offered Every Term.

Prerequisite: PT 5650 with a minimum grade of C and PT 5430 with a minimum grade of C

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students; enrollment limited to students in the Pharmacy and Health Sciences.

PT 8500 Clinical Decision Making Cr. 3

Integration of didactic and clinical knowledge in development of diagnostic prognostic skills in physical therapy; focus on refining competencies in peer referral across health care disciplines; development of strategies for clinical decision making. Offered Yearly.

Prerequisite: PT 6100 with a minimum grade of C and PT 7120 with a minimum grade of C and PT 7220 with a minimum grade of C and PT 7400 with a minimum grade of C

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students; enrollment limited to students in the Doctor of Physical Therapy program.

Course Material Fees: $80

PT 8600 Health Promotion and Wellness Cr. 2

Dimensions of health promotion and wellness, including implementation strategies for different populations. Analysis of physical, emotional and cost benefits. Identification of needs and development of practice plan for groups and individuals. Offered Winter.

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students; enrollment is limited to students with a major in Physical Therapy.

PT 8800 Clinical Education III Cr. 4

Third in a four-course clinical education series. Twelve weeks of full-time supervised terminal clinical experience for physical therapy students with emphasis on progression to entry-level clinician. Offered Yearly.

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students; enrollment is limited to students with a major in Physical Therapy.

Course Material Fees: $20

PT 8820 Clinical Education IV Cr. 8

Fourth in a four-course clinical education series. Final full-time supervised terminal clinical experience for physical therapy students. Twelve week full time experience with emphasis on progression to entry-level clinician. Offered Yearly.

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students; enrollment is limited to students with a major in Physical Therapy.

Course Material Fees: $30

PT 8850 Clinical Practicum Cr. 3

Monitored clinical practice in a focused area of physical therapy practice. Focus may include: administration and management, cardiopulmonary, neurology, orthopedics, integumentary care, pediatrics, and teaching. Offered Every Term.

Restriction(s): Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students; enrollment limited to students in the Pharmacy and Health Sciences.

ADAMO, DIANE: Ph.D., University of Michigan; M.S., B.S., Wayne State University; Associate Professor

DICKSON, JENNIFER: D.P.T., M.P.T., B.S., Oakland University; Clinical Assistant Professor

FRITZ, NORA E.: Ph.D., D.P.T., The Ohio State University; B.S., Miami University; Assistant Professor

MAHER, SARA F.: D.Sc.P.T., Oakland University; M.P.T., B.S., Wayne State University; B.A., Western Michigan University; Associate Professor (Clinical)

MALEK, MOH: Ph.D., University of Nebraska-Lincoln; M.S., California State University Fullerton; B.A., The Claremont Colleges, Pitzer College; Associate Professor

PARDO, VICKY: D.H.S., University of Indianapolis; M.H.S., University of Indianapolis; B.Sc., University of Ottawa; Assistant Professor

PEPIN, MARIE-EVE: D.P.T., MGH Institute of Health Sciences; M.S., Oakland University; B.S., McGill University; Clinical Assistant Professor

POCIASK, FREDRICK: Ph.D., Wayne State University; M.S., B.S., Oakland University; Associate Professor

REID, KRISTINA: M.S., P.T., Oakland University; Assistant Professor (Clinical)

ROCHE, JOSEPH A.: Ph.D., University of Maryland, Baltimore; B.P.T., Christian Medical College; Assistant Professor

SCHILLER, MARTHA: D.P.T., University of St. Augustine; M.S.A., Central Michigan University; B.S. University of Western Ontario; Clinical Assistant Professor